Dr. Ali KILIC
Adnan Hassanpour and Hiwa Boutimar
Are in the middle
from world Day against the death penalty
Adnan Hassanpour and Hiwa BoutimarAre in the middlefrom world Day against the death penalty.
On October 10 marks the world Day against the death penalty. On the initiative of the world Coalition against the death penalty, of the organizations of the whole world organize around on October 10 of the initiatives to say NOT TO the DEATH PENALTY and the demonstration against the death penalty will take place in Paris Manifestation in front of the embassy of Iran! Appointment with 11H00, in front of the embassy of Iran, Franklin Boulevard Roosevelt,
For us the writers and the intellectuals of Kurdistan, more particularly of the departments of Dersime and Kotchgiri, this day has a particular importance because, we have a painful past on the death sentences. In the declaration of the Provisional Government of Kurdistan we note that the government kemalist had condemned to died more than thousand combatants. In 1925 Seyh Said Efendi is hung with 47 resistant Kurds for the freedom and the independence of Kurdistan.
On the five continents, in particular in countries which continue to apply the death penalty, petitions, round tables, press conferences, exposures, plays, visits of condemned to death are envisaged in more than one hundred of country. But nobody put the question of hangings of the combatants of our resistance of Dersime on November 17, 1937 to El Aziz about the order of Mustafa Kémal initially Seyyid Reza and Aliyé Mirzaliyé Silemani was hung.
Hung with Seyyid Reza “death is nothing for us, the man born one day, dies another food our resistance”,” ters çik o, merdene çik a ? mordem rozé beno, rozé mîreno, perodaise ma wes vo!”.
The world Day against the death penalty is the occasion to recall that the death penalty is an act of revenge which could not fall under a process of justice. Vain and nondissuasive to prevent the crime, the death penalty is generally marked at the end of lawsuit during which the rights of defense and the guarantees of an equitable justice were violated. It St right, but our combatants of the resistance of Dersime do not have tombs the bodies are burned on the order of Mustafa Kémal, criminal, person in charge for the genocides of the Armenians, the Greeks, the Kurds and Dersimis.
Today, the nations of the world plan to put an end to the death penalty while calling with a universal moratorium on the executions. Everywhere, citizens and governments must decide to say not to the death penalty by supporting this initiative.
• The right to the life is inalienable and null authority could not decide death of a human being. Following the example torture, the execution is a physical and psychological aggression extreme. The physical pain felt by a human being during its execution cannot be quantified. Justice is never safe from the miscarriage of justice. But the death penalty is irreversible and can be applied to the innocent ones.
• The death penalty does not have more effect on the rate of criminality than any other punishment.
• The death penalty is an act of revenge which, basically, legitimates the violence of State.
• The death penalty is discriminatory and generally strikes the stripped people, the mental patients and the people resulting from racial, ethnic or religious minorities.
• The recourse to the death penalty lets think that a human being can lose any value and become irremediable, and that it is acceptable to kill in certain circumstances. A government must protect the human life and not destroy it. In the large majority of the cases, the death penalty is marked following inequitable lawsuits. It often applies on the basis of “consent” obtained under torture.
• The international law tends towards universal abolition and encourages the States to abolish the death penalty.
Today, 130 States abolished the death penalty in right or in practice.In 2006, executions were listed in 25 countries; 91% of them having taken place in a small number of them: China, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Sudan and the United States.A movement is from now on moving: the objective of a world without death penalty becomes accessible.A resolution of the General meeting of UNO will not be enough to prevent a State from carrying out an execution, the resolutions not being juridically constraining.
A resolution of the General meeting of UNO will not be enough to prevent a State from carrying out an execution, the resolutions not being juridically constraining.However, a firm call of the highest political authority of UNO, the General meeting, in favour of a moratorium on the executions would have a considerable moral weight.It would constitute an invaluable asset to convince the reticent States to institute a moratorium, stage important on the way of universal abolition.
The long-term objective of fight with regard to the General meeting of the United Nations is the adoption of resolutions on the capital punishment including/understanding of the provisions improved gradually, which would make it possible to support the world countryside for a world without death penalty.
The long-term objective is to bring all the States: to remove any reference to the death penalty in their penal legislation so that this sorrow cannot be pronounced any more by a court - to ratify the international treaties which prohibit the recourse to the death penalty in all circumstances. - This is why the world Coalition counters the death penalty devoted the edition 2006 of the world Day to the topic: “Failures of justice”.
This edition resulted in more than 450 local initiatives in 47 countries. The Day was officially supported by the European Union and the Council of Europe. On the whole, 145.142 signatures were collected for five condemned to the death emblématiques ones of the failures of the justice which the Coalition at the time of this 4th edition wanted to denounce: death sentence of innocent, discriminatory application, not respect of the equitable lawsuit, treatments cruel, inhuman and degrading during detention and the execution, and finally death sentence of mentally handicapped persons.
Composed of ONG, of lawyer Bars, of local communities and trade unions, the world Coalition against the death penalty, created in Rome on May 13, 2002, aims reinforcing the international dimension of the combat against the death penalty, and at contributing to put a final term at the death sentences and with the executions. The world Coalition in particular endeavours to facilitate the constitution or the development of national coalitions against the death penalty. Since 2003, the Coalition founded on October 10 like world Journée against the death penalty. Hundreds of local initiatives proceed on the five continents, with a topic dominating each year. The world Day, in particular supported by the European Union, contributes to diffuse a universal message in favour of abolition. Day counters the death penalty: the world decides The world Day counters the death penalty of October 10, 2007 will stress the draft Resolution submitted to the General meeting of UNO. The proposal envisages a universal moratorium on the executions, in order to save lives and to allow the populations States retentionists to note that the suspension of the capital punishment does not involve a rise of criminality in their country. A resolution emanating of the political body most important of the United Nations would constitute an international event determining of the countryside for the abolition of the death penalty in the world and would be equipped with a considerable moral fibre. - This initiative right now received the support of 5 million people in the world including the People of Kurdistan.Dr. Ali KILIC, Paris 05-10-2007